Decreasing mortality rates and an influx of migrants for more than 200 years, transformed Tehran from a 7.5 square kilometer city of 15,000 inhabitants into a mega-city of ten million sprawlings over 600 square kilometers. Spreading subsumed flatlands to more than seventy villages on its adjacent mountain slopes, today’s Tehran varies 800 meters in elevation from south to north. The city’s topographical variation is paralleled by the marked differences in class and lifestyle of its inhabitants and religions. We can claim that most of Iran’s urban and pastoral nomadic areas are represented in Tehran’s population. In the 20th and 21st centuries, Tehran has been the subject of mass migration of people from all around Iran.

North of Tehran
North of Tehran

From an urban perspective, the city is the home of many historic mosques, churches, synagogues and Zoroastrian fire temples. However, modern structures, notably Azadi (Liberty) Tower and the Milad Tower, have come to symbolize the city. Tehran is ranked 29th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area. Throughout Iran’s history, the capital has been moved many times, and Tehran is the 32nd national capital of Iran although it has been Iran’s capital for more than 240 years now. Although a variety of unofficial languages are spoken, roughly %99 of the population understand and speak Farsi (Persian). The majority of people in Tehran identify themselves as Persians. In Pre-Islamic and early Islamic era, Tehran was an unimportant village, and part of the area of present-day Tehran was occupied by Rey (which in the Avesta occurs in the form of Rhagae), now a part of Tehran, which took over its role after the destruction of Rey by the Mongols in the early 13th century.

Map of Tehran, Mozaffareddin Shah Qajar period (1900) by Alexander Friedrich Stahl
Map of Tehran, Mozaffareddin Shah Qajar period (1900)
by Alexander Friedrich Stahl

The city of Tehran is divided into 22 municipal districts, each with its own administrative centers. These districts contain the following major neighborhoods:
Abbas Abad, Afsariyeh, Amaniyeh, Amir Abad, Aryashahr, Bagh Feiz, Baharestan, Darakeh, Darband, Dardasht, Darabad, Darrous, Dehkadeh Olympic, Ekhtiyariyeh, Ekbatan, Elahiyeh, Evin, Farmaniyeh, Fereshteh, Gheitariyeh, Gholhak, Gisha, Gomrok, Hasan Abad, Jamaran, Jannat Abad, Javadiyeh, Jomhouri, Jordan, Lavizan, Mehran, Narmak, Navab, Nazi Abad, Niavaran, Park-e-Shahr, Pasdaran, Piroozi, Pounak, Rey, Saadat Abad, Sadeghiyeh, Seyed Khandan, Sohrevardi, Shahr Ara, Shahr-e-Ziba, Shahrak-e-Gharb, Shemiran, Tajrish, Tehranno, Tehranpars, Tehransar, Vanak, Velenjak, Yaft Abad, Yousef Abad, Zaferaniyeh, et

Tehran’s old city fabric changed dramatically during the Pahlavi era. Some of the older remaining (Qajar era) districts of Tehran are Oud-lajan, Sangelaj, Bazaar, Chaleh Meydoon, Dowlat, Pamenar. Chaleh Meydoon is the oldest neighborhood of the aforementioned. Districts during the Pahlavi era are Sepah str (Imam Khomeini), Toopkhane, Lale Zaar str (the architecture of this street was European style) & Estambol str. Other old districts are Doushan-Tappeh, Doulab, Sabzeh-Meydoon, Zarrab-khaneh, and Galou-Bandak.

Azadi Tower Construction
Construction of Azadi tower which was formerly known as Shahyad Tower

North Tehran is a wealthy region in this Metropolis. It consists of various smaller districts from North East to North West; Such as Zaferanyieh, Jordan, Elahiyeh, Kamraniyeh, Ajoudaniyeh, Farmaniyeh, Darrous, Gheitaryieh, etc.

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  1. Tehran Nightlife | Things to do in Tehran at Night | Nightlife in Tehran

    […] fun begins right after the sun sets in Tehran. Many travelers ask us are there any nightlife fun in Tehran without all the common things that they are used to and can’t find here (at least not officially). […]

  2. Daniel Henk

    Could You please tell me if the Street avenue 20 metri still exist? Or has its name changed? Sincerily Yours Daniel Henk

    • HI Tehran Hostel

      Dear Daniel If you mean does this Street avenue exists near the hostel, the answer is no. But usually there are few streets by "X metri" name in every city.

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